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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
INDEX
Tankas, 56, 296 Tankers, 337 Tanuki, 304 Tanze-IIalls, 137 Tapa, 13, 51, 211 Tattooed head (Maori), i6g Tattooing, Maori, g; Marquesan, 13, 14 Tattoo parlours, 78, 124, 158, 277 Taylor, Father W., 83, 172 Taylor, Rev. E., 91 Tea clippers, 29, 65, 66, 82, 124, 162, 246 278, 292, 293, 294, 296, 300, 301, 302; 303
Tea-houses, 62, 307 Tees, 91, 96 Telegraph Hill, 208, 227 Tenerifle, 321 Tengu, 8, 304 'Terrific Street', 210, 219 Theatre Royal, 109 Thurlow, Honourable Bruce, 202 Tickct-o'-the-leavc men, 207, 208, 279 Tierra del Fuego, 245 Tiger Bay, 22; CardilT, 89, 128, 130-2 130-2, 340; Demarara, 89, 128, 233 London, 81, 89, 91, 120, 126, 128, 340
Timber ports, 181 Timber stowers, 176, 181-2 Timber trade, and droghers, 46, 66, 69 129, 174, i75> 233. 236, 239, 240, 277
Tobacco, sailors', 319 Tokyo, 292 Toulouse, 77 Tourists, 220 Tower Hill, 27 Tower Wharf, 24 Travessas, 54 Treaty of Nanking, 59, 293, 296 Treaty Ports, 61, 293, 302, 303, 309 Trepanning, 82 Trinidad, 68, 69 Triton, 17 Tsingtao, 332 Tudor's Iceponds, Mass, 67 Tumbez, 265 Turkey Company, 24 'Twenty-one Nights' Doss House', 282 Tynemouth, 38 Tyne, the, 38 Tzia-tzia, 294
'UNCROWNED KING OF LIME HOUSE', THE, 125 Union Office, 173 Union Street (Bangor, Maine), 169 Union Wars, 193, 196, 203, 204, 227, 228 United States Shipping Commissioner 163, and Shipping Office, 196
VALENCIA, 324 Valley Boy Hoodlums, 89
Valparaiso, 15, i6, 19, 48, 222, 236, 246- 51. 306
Vancouver, 69, 190-2, 193 Vancouver, Capt., n , 50, 190 Vancouver Island, 49, 192 Van Diemen's Land, 26, 40; ex-convicts, 208
Vanikoro, 17 Van Praag, Mr., 148 Venereal diseases, 325, 326, 327 Victoria Dock, 285 Vieux Carre, 186-7 Vieux Port, 80,
150-3, 324
Vigilante Committee, 209 Virginia, 33; Virginia Company, 24 Virgin's Room, 214 Vladivostock, 192, 310
WAMINES, 49, 270 Waiter girls, 213, 215 Walfisch Bay, 318 Wallace, F. W., 175, 183
, Wapping (London), 22, 24, 26, 27, 29, 34, ;
81, 114, 121, 126; - Old Stairs, 23, 24, 28; - Wall, 24, 28; Wapping (L'pool), 33> 34. "o ; Wapping (Bristol), 34; Wapping Dock (L'pool), 96
, Warner, Abe, 88, 217 War of Independence, 44 Washington, State of, 202 Waterfronts of Sailortown, 72-3 Waterloo, Dock, 33, 95 Watermen, ug , 125 Waters, Ned, 88 'Wax-candles' ('Waspitten'), 148 Weapons of the runners, 223 Weints, 95 Wellclose Square, 89 Wellington, 291 Wesleyan Mission, 118 West African Coast, the, 6, 7 West Coast of America, 46 West Coast of South America, 124, 137, 245-66, 276
Western Ocean packets, 96 Westgate, 163 West India Docks, 28 West Indiamen, 69, 133 West Indian trade, 33, 43 West Indies, the, 6, 48, 230-3, 314 Whalemen, and whalers, 7, 8, 9, 13, 16, 17, 19, 43. 44. 49. 50. 51. 122, 149, 167, 169, 269; in the Azores, 319; Bowhead, 272; British, 265; Chileno, 248; in Honolulu, 272, 273; Norwegian, 245; in the Philip-
,
pines, 336; Russian, 47; South Sea, 171; Sperm, 19, 291, 371; Yankee, 148, 318 Whalemen Riot, the, 273-4 Whaler captains, 15, 16, 18, 19, 4g Whaling ports; Edgartown, Fairhaven,
359
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Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
INDEX
Sha Mien, 59, 293 Shanghai, 65, 66, 82, 22Ü, 295, 297, 300-3, 327-8
Shanghai Bund, 203, 300, 302 Shanghai Club, 341 Shanghai Fraternity, 83 Shanghai game, 207, 217, 220, 222, 228, 236, 265, 279, 280, 299, 315 Shanghaiing, 45, 82-7, 124, 126, 133, 146, 147, 161, 170-81, 184, 193, 196, 197, 198, 202, 204, 226, 227, 265, 318 Shanghaiing Days, 202, 221, 228 Shanghai, old pronunciation of, 300 Shanghai pilots, 301 Shanghai tunnels, 87, 195 'Sheer hulk', 100 Shell-sellers, 125 Shetlandmen, 136 Shinto shrine, 306 Ship artists, 154 Ship chandlers, 78, 145, 159, 241, 262, 290 Shipping Gazette, 163 Shipping-masters, 82, 124, 146, 147, igi Shipping Offices, go, 126, 147, 163, 171 Shipping slump, 126 'Ship's cousin', 3 'Shipshape 'n' Bristol fashion, 133 Shit Street, 72, 241, 296, 248, 260, 262, 276, 277
Shoe blacks, 90, 109 Short Sea Trades, and traders, 38, 154 Show-boats, 186 Shut Kwai, 326 'Siberias', gi , 143, 288 Sicilian ports, 154 Sierra Leone, 237, 338-9 'Silent Pipers', 75, 242 Silver mines, 246 Singapore, 162, 292-3, 303, 325 Sing-song Boats, 54, 56; Sing-song Girls, 302; Sing-song Houses, 302
Skittle alleys, 111, 158 Slave Coast, 34 Slaves, 236, 238 Slave trade: Brazilian, 66; Chinese coolic- carricrs, 42; Moorish, 6; Negro slavery, 43; in Rio, 236; slave ships, 25; slave- traders, 7; White Man's slave trade, 6
Sloyne, the, 97 Smith, Alexander, 9 Smith, C. Fox, 4, 72, 118 Smugglers, 36 Society Islands, 19, 20, 50, 271 Solomons, the, 9 Southampton, 38 South Carolina, 42 South Dock (R.A.), 240 'South End' (L'pool), 95, loi , 104, 106 South Georgia Whalers, 23g South Shetlands, 68 South Shields, 34, 130, 13G, 225
South Spainer, 145, 183, igo, 254, 260, 299 South Spainers, 34, 38 Southwark, 27 Spanish Galleon, 24 Spedding, W., 241 'Spike', 180 Spitalfields, 122 'Spithead Nymphs', 20, 26, 3g Stable cleaning, 89 Stanley's Mission, 287 Steele, Capt., 2gg Stepney, 29 Stetson, Capt. John, 51 St. George's Dock (L'pool), 32, 108 St. George's (London), 114 St. Helen, 202 St. Helena, 70, 321 St. John's, N.B., 69, 174 St. Katherine Docks, 28, 29 St. Lucia, 321, 232 St. Nicholas, 244 St. Nicholas Church (L'pool), 30, 100, n o Stockton, 288, 290 Stone-ballast trade, 67 Stonecutter's Island, 2g6 Stone, Rev., 225 Storyville, 43, 186-8; closing of, 189 Stow, historian, 23 St. Paul, 159, 226 St. Pauli, 22, 40, 74, 81, 136, 145, 219 St. Paul's Church (London), tig Straits of Juan de Fuca, 194 Strassburgcr, 254-5, 260 Street Arabs, go, 130, 167 Street-walkers, New York, 166, 215, 286, 331
St. Vincent, 321 'Subs', g2, 131, 228, 265, 2g4 Suez, 321 Suez Canal, 70, 318, 322 Sunderland, 38 Surabaya, 69 Susi-susi Girls, 310 Suva, 270, 321 Swan River, 291 Swansea, 132-3 Sydney, 89, 277-82 Sydney Morning Herald, 280 Sydney Town (Frisco), 208, 209
TABLEAUX VIVANTS, log, 213 Tabu, 12, ig, Tapu, 50 Tacoma, ig2, igg, 194 Tacoma Mill, 193 Tahiti, 19, 50, 270 Tailors {or Slopscllers), 25, 26, 78-9, 131, 143, 158, 161, 203, 2ig, 220, 241, 256, 260, 264, 319-20; 'Sneiders', 141 Talcuhuano ('Turkeywanna'), 252, 265 Tally-shops, 122 Taltal, 252, 258
Voorbeeld : Klik op de tekst voor meer
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
INDEX
River Mersey, 30, 31, 33, 97 River Plate, 240 Robertson, 203 Robinson Crusoe, ig, 34, 39 Robinson, Mr., 320 Rogers, Capt., 104 Ropemaker's Fields, 81 Roperies, 79-80 Ropewalk, 81, 118, 150 Rosario de Santa Lé, 70, 244 Rose, Andrew, 104 Rosemary Lane (L'pool), 99; (London), 27 Rotherhithe, 11, 23, 24, 27, 123, 125; Tunnel, 28, 126 Rotterdam, 39, 40, 8g, 144, 145-8 Rounding the Horn ceremony, 102, 103, 222
'Rounding the Horn in a railway carriage', 83
Round the Corner, Sally, 264 Roving Jack, 101 Rua Paysandij, 238 Rum, 232, 233 Rum mills, 304 Rum trade, 67 Runners, boarding-house, 83-4, 141, 147, 153, 162, 164, 178, 193, 195, 217, 222, 223, 226, 227 'Running-ofT' of sailors, 85 Rupnarain River, 312 Russian emigres, 302 Russian men-o'-war, 299 'Russian princesses', 302 Russo-Japanese War, 299 Rutherford, John, 15 Ryükyü Islands, 61
SACRAMENTO RIVER, 202, 208 Saigon, 66, 298, 303, 312 Sailing ship passages, 70-1 Sail lofts, 79, 134, 159 Sailor drivers, riders and rickshaw pullers, 166, 293, 334
Sailor lawyers, 84 Sailor pubs in general, 75-7 Sailors as schoolteachers, 303-4 Sailors' Church (L'pool), 100, 105 Sailors' Homes, 91, 92; Buenos Aires, 243; Calcutta, 92; Frisco, 228; Hull, 38; Liverpool, 105, 108, 112; London, 119, 126; Shanghai, 327; Valparaiso, 251
Sailor weapons, 90, 130 Sailor 'wives', 311 Salem, 43, 44, 45, 48, 1G8 Salem traders, 66 Salthouse Dock, 31, 96, 109 Salvation Army Refuge, 120 Sampans, 300 Samshu, 54, 59, 292, 294 Samoa, 15 Samuels, Capt., 89
Samurai, 8, 303, 309 Sandalwood traders, 3, g, 52, 68, 270 San Diego, 18, 46, 203, 204 Sandwich Islands, and Islanders, 13, 15, 46, 50, 67
Sandy Hook, 164 'Sandy Hook or Hell!', 298 San Francisco, 18, 47, 66, 90, 149; see also Barbary Coast, and Frisco
San Juan, 47 San Lorenzo, 263 San Mateo, 225 San Pedro, 46, 202 Santa Barbara, 47, 203 Santa Clara, 47 Santa José, 47, 235 Santander, 153, 323 SanC Antonio, 183 Santa Rosalia, 235 Sao Sebastian do Rio Janeiro, 236 Sao Thome, 40, 52 Saris, Capt., 12, 60 Scab crews, 168, 174, 193 Schiedam, 91, 148 Schiedamschedijk, 89, 148 Schroder, Capt., 192-3 Sea Breezes, 103, ig7, 241, 320 Sea-coney, 3, ig, 23, 64 Seafarer, The, 203, 302, 316 Seagoer, 175 Sealers, g, 48, 167, 270 Seamen: Arab, 64, 131, 136; Bengal Pilot, 312; Chileno, ig3; Chinese, ig3; Corsi- can, 150; Dutch, 8, 91 ; Elizabethan, 64; French, 271; German, 5; Italian, 150; Japanese, 193, ig6; Lascar, 123, 124; Latin American, 45; Liverpool, 32; Negro, 45, 181, 217; Packet ship, 157; Polynesian, 64, 269; Scandinavian, 5, 45; Siwash, 193; Somali, 131; Spanish, 150; Viking, 64; Yankee, 5
Seamen's Churches, Libraries, Saving Banks and Societies, 318 Seamen's Institutes, 92, 225 Seamen's Missions, 92, 180, 318, 327 Seamen's strikes, 173, 179 Seamen's Union, 163, 167, 228, 277, 318 Seamen's wage riot (L'pool), 32 (New York), 44
Seattle, 192, 194, 195-6 Seattle Dance-hall, 81 Secondhand Clothes Lane, 59 Second World War, 300, 323, 324, 327 .Selkirk, Alexander, 19, 39 'Selling leprosy', 327 Seville, 323 Sewscw girls, 57 'Sew-sews', 311, 326 Sex exhibitions, 144 'Sex Stores', 334 Shad well, 114
357
Voorbeeld : Klik op de tekst voor meer
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
INDE X
Portland, Maine, i68 Portland, Oregon, 190-9, 196-202 Portmadoc, 67 Port Melbourne, 282 Port of Spain, 48, 314 Port prostitutes, slang names for, 73 Port Royal, 6, 48 Port Said, 321, 340 Portsmouth, 39, 47, 149 Portsmouth Square, 83, 207 Port Talbot, 66, 68, 132 Port Townsend, 87, 192-5 Posées Plastiques, 109 Powles, Capt. T. Y., 313 Pox, sailor, 19, 49, 51, 144, 270 Praya Grande, 54 Press-gang, 26, 31, 36, 38, 44, no , 124 Preussen, 258 Prime A.B., a, 207, 222 Prince's Dock (Glasgow), 33; (L'pool), 32, 96, 97, 100, 108 Privateersmen, 32, 33, 44 Prohibition, 167, i6g, 337 Prohibition of tobacco smoking, 337 Prospect of Whitby, 22, 24, 27 Prostitutes, Arab, 321; Bohemian, 188; Chileno, 207, 209; Chinese, 215, 292, 325; Czechs, 239; Eurasian, 292; French, 183, 207, 292, 304; German, 244, 292; Hakka, 272, 276; Hapa-haolc, 276; Irish, 117, 178, 198; Japanese, 276, 310; Jewesses, 218, 239; Malay, 325; Mexican, 208, 215; Peruvian, 208; Polish, 167, 178, 179, 188, 239, 244; Russian, 244; Sinhalese, 325; Slavs, 239; White Russians, 302 Prostitutes, fictitious names of, 75 Prostitution, in Antwerp, 40; in Barcelona, 323;
in Bombay, 90; in Bordeaux,
149; in Buenos Aires, 241; in Calcutta, 315; in Callao, 265; in Canton, 56; in Cardiff, 132, 133; in Chinwangtao, 331; in Curasao, 337; in Frisco, 207, 208, 214-15, 220; in Guayaquil, 266; in Hamburg, 139; in Hong Kong, 296, 326; in Honolulu, 272; in Hull, 136; in Hyögö, 335; Iodoform Alley,
in
Frisco, 218; in Kobe, 334; in Liverpool, 105, 108; London waterfront, on the, 25;
in London, 121, 122; in Marseilles, 150, 152; in Miikc, 335; in Nagasaki, 62;
in New Orleans, 186-8; in New York, 166; in early Polynesia, 19; in Rio de Janeiro, 236;
in Rosario, 244;
in Samoa, 270; in Schiedam, 148; in Shanghai, 302; in Sister Street, 325; in South Shields, 134; in St. Lucia, 232; in Sydney, 282; in Valparaiso, 247, 248; Vancouver Island, among the Indian tribes of, 49; in Vladivostock, 310; in Yokohama, 304, 333
Pro-tem marriages, 118 Providence, R. I., 167 Prussian Jack Melvin (One-eyed Melvin) •34
Pubs, sing-songs in, 126, 136 Pudding Lane, 25 Puerta Arenas, 235 Puerto Santa Madrona, 323 Puget Sound, 66, 70, 192, 196 Pulperias, 46, 47 Punta Arenas, 245 Pure-collectors, 117 Pussyfoot Johnson, 167, 337 Putas, 236, 238, 256, 257, 263
QUAI D'FRANCE (FRENCH BUND), SHANGHAI, 328 Quakers, 49, 169 Quebec, 43, 46, 67, 69, 96, 175-6 Quebec timber stowers, and traders, 176, 182, 183 Queenhithe, 23 Queen of the Prostitutes (Oiran Soma), 307 Queen's Dock (Glasgow), 33; (Hull), 36; (L'pool), 32, 96; (Newcastle, N.S.W.), 288
Queenstown, 70, 319-21
RAG FAIR, 122 Rangoon, 66, 69, 303 Rangoon, sailing ships at, 311 Rappahannock, 15, 179 Rasmussen the Dane, 140-1 Ratcliffe, 12; Ratcliffe Highway, 29, 77, 89, III , 114,340 Rat-pits, 82, 167 Rats used to animate sailor dummies, 218 Ravenscourt, 226 'Raw Life of Sailors in Olden Times' {Hel rosse zeemansleven van weleer), 148 Redburn, 73, 108, 122 Red Ensign Club, 119 Red-light districts, 168, 179, 186, 214, 242, 244, 248, 285, 324
Red Star Line, 29 Reeperbahn, 41, 81, 137, 340 Rees, Capt. Llewellyn, 201 Religious statuettes, 144 Revolutions, 237, 260 Rice-traders, 66, 68 Rickshaw-pullers, 302, 331 Rigging lofts, 79, 159, 262 Ringbolt, Capt., 162, 172 Rio de Janeiro, 67, 230, 236-7 Rio de la Plata, 240 Rio Grande, 67 Rio Grande do Sul, 238 River Avon, 130, 133 River Elbe, 137
356
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Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN SAILORTOWNS
trouble were common. Dutchmen, in these days, ran many of these sailor drinking dens and brothels. Cholera was rife in Calcutta in the eighties, but apparently it
didn't worry the seaman; perhaps his drinking of the local firewater kept him immune. As far as Bentinck Street and the eastern end of Chowringhee Road sailor drinking dives were many. This area also held many brothels frequented by the seafaring community, the inmates of which were mainly native Nautch girls or Maghis. Ballasteer Road was another brothel area with white and half-caste harlots, as well as Japanese girls, all catering for the sailors' needs. By the turn of the century the number of brothel quarters in Calcutta patronized solely by soldiers and sailors were over a dozen, while native ones, solely for natives, ran into the twenties. The best known bordels catering for sailors were those of the Moonshi Ganch, close to the Kidderpore Dock, where French, English, Japanese, and Indian girls charged as low as four to six annas for a 'short time', those of the Dookaria Baghan in Kariah Road, New Market, and of Back Circular Road, where the harlots were mainly French or Frenchified; and those of the famous Randi Bazaar, where both the Western and the Eastern styles of'love' could be indulged. The native prostitutes, or Khanki, hcnna'd their hands and kohl'd
their eyes, and were mostly Nautch dancers as well as whores. The lowest types, as found in Kidderpore, were called by the sailors Chowlahs. The Maghis, too, were both whores and dancing-girls, and the sailormen very often preferred these Indian types to their own kind, the former being far more seductive and mysterious, and the watching of the belly-dancing before going to the divan was, to the sailor, a kind of aphrodisiac not found in Western bordels. Close to the Dookaria Baghan in New Market Street was a brothel run by Black Harry and Pringee Katherine, who employed Maghis for the benefit of sailors. According to J. H. Williams it was also a sailors' boarding-house. Crimps thrived at various times in Calcutta, but it was never a
regular home of the Shanghai game, and, although occasionally brothels, the boarding-houses were usually of the ordinary lodging- house kind. Williams, however, declares the crimps, at one time, did become powerful enough to take over the Sailors' Home here; he reckoned that all the officials were mixed up in the game. With the aid of Father Hopkins of the Priory, a sailor padre of the i88os to 1890s, known all over the Seven Seas, Williams fought them and the hypocritical sky-pilot system, until they were all kicked out, and a complete overhaul of the management of the Sailors' Home insti- tuted. Father Hopkins, it is said, while playing the organ in Calcutta Cathedral, overheard the conversation of two homesick British brass- bounders. Their rather woeful tête-a-tête made him decide to work for the welfare of seamen thenceforward. He would go aboard the Y
315
Voorbeeld : Klik op de tekst voor meer
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA
ear. When, after a search, he failed to appear the master reported the matter ashore and then sailed without him. It wasn't until the ship reached Dundee, when the jute cargo was being discharged, that the mystery was solved. He had been 'screwed down'y?a< by the coolies. All that was found of him was his white suit, cap, watch and boots, all flattened against the bales, with some hair in the cap, but barely a ves- tige of flesh or bone. Now that we have painted the river scene let us get ashore. In the
nineties hundreds of ships lay at the moorings with their crews paid off and roaming loose in the streets of Calcutta, Indians being shipped to do the work in port. It was a bad time for sailing ships, and many lay for months in the river before cargoes came their way. The case-oil trade out to the East was booming, but there were no homeward cargoes. Thanks to this paying-off of seamen a large sailor quarter developed ashore. Some of the 'beachies' got jobs coolie-driving over at the Howra
Graving Dock on the south side of the river, others joined the Cal- cutta Police Force, which, at this time, was almost fully manned by beachcomber-seamen, while some shipped out again barefooted, in the clothes they stood up in, in coolie ships bound for Mauritius and the West Indies. Whereas sailors seemed to like Calcutta in these days, soldiers, it
would appear, were glad to get away from the place. 'Swaddles', at times, would try to stow away on homeward bound windbags leaving the river. One case, in the eighties, was when the crew of the Altmore, two days out from Calcutta, discovered in one of the ship's boat two soldiers, one a bugler, who had deserted from Fort William (on the Maidan), their plea being that they were fed up with Army mono- tony.
Sailortown had as its centre Flag Street. This was a tough quarter
of sailor drinking houses. The worst lane in the district was just off Flag Street and called the Numbers; the groggeries, selling rotgut rum, which lined it numbering from i to 12. The Flags of All Nations and the House of All Nations in Flag Street were two of the better- class dives, and the Homeward Bound wasn't too bad, but those in the Numbers were much the same as the native toddy and arrack shops. They had, in front of the bar, long rows of steel or wooden rods stretching from ceiling to floor, designed as a protection against rowdy customers and the trouble that nightly was expected to brew up. The barmen were Indians and the customers mainly British sea- men and British beachcombers. Another sailor pub was the Checkers, kept by a big Swede, who,
behind his back, was referred to as 'Draughtboard Dutchy'.This was another site of sailorman brawls. Scandinavians and Germans as a rule frequented the so-called 'German Barracks', and fights between Saxons who drank there and the Angles who dropped in looking for 314
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Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN SAILORTOWNS Making fast to the buoys was quite a job. The moorings were of a
type known as 'holdfasts'. These 'holdfasts' were fastened by heavy leading chains shackled to heavy anchors buried deeply ashore, they in turn being kept clear of the bottom of the river by hollow iron buoys. A ship's chains, in sailing-vessel days, were crossed from either bow, and a native diver would go down and shackle them to the hold- fasts. This was done astern as well as ahead, the chains in this case leading out from the quarter-pipes at the break of the poop, their bights being lashed up to the taflFrail with strong cordage. At Budge-Budge pontoons were used as bridges to convey the oil
ashore, but at the other moorings lighters of all kinds would convey the cargoes to the river-banks. All ships had awnings stretched fore and aft, and, in the cyclone season, when there were often tidal bores in the river, all upper yards would be sent down and jibbooms 'reefed'. According to Crowe and other sailor writers, nearly every morning
dead bodies would be festooning the ships' mooring chains. Life was cheap in Calcutta in the seventies and eighties of the last century. Overhead the kites or 'shite-hawks' as they were called, would wheel and swoop with a weather eye on the bloated corpses. The water was polluted by such corpses and yet ships filled their tanks from this river. The river would be full of small native river-craft—the original 'dinghy'—with their canopies, vari-coloured hulls and stripe-painted sculls and paddles, the bumboats selling monkeys and booze, the launches of the various shipping companies with the karanis or clerks aboard, and, on certain days, ships' gigs and jolly-boats engaged in regattas. In the nineties Captain T. Y. Powles, who founded the Mariners'
Cricket Club in Calcutta, often arranged boat races between the various ships in port. He once fixed a match between Conway and Worcester boys from different ships, the Conways winning, and the cup, I believe, is now at Conway in Wales. In the eighties, opposite the Maidan, there would be moored ships stretching for over a mile, seven abreast in tiers, consisting of Carmichael's Golden Fleece fleet, Pooles' Abbeys, Williamson and Milligan's Waverley Line, as well as ships from Fcrnie's, de Wolf's, Craig's, Beazley's, Corry's, Brockle- banks', and many others. At this time the loading of jute was the prime reason for all these 'bottoms' being in the Hughli, and it was in these rather tough days that a foul murder was committed aboard the jute-loading ship the Muncaster Castle. It is given in full in Lubbock's The Last of the Wind- jammers. To get the jute well stowed the 'screwing' system, practised in the
Gulf port cotton traders, was also used in Calcutta. When this three skysail ship was ready to sail someone noticed that the third mate was missing, apparently the day before he had had some trouble with the coolies working at the jackscrews and had given one a clip over the 313
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA
in a service held on the poop—almost within the shadow of the great gold Buddhist dagoba, the Shwe Dagon. Neither Bangkok nor Saigon had any sailor quarter, although the
latter had, like Hong Kong, its 'Midnight Fairies', who, in charge of their mama-san would besiege each ship as she came to her moorings. Chittagong was another Eastern rice port, well known to square-
rigged ships, although here also sailor shore activity hardly existed. But when we go over to Calcutta a different kettle of fish was to be found. Calcutta, the Holy City of Kali the Destroyer, was by far the most popular place with seamen ashore, and probably had the big- gest Sailortown set-up, in the whole of the Orient. Calcutta lies over a hundred miles up the Hughli River, and the dangerous James and Mary Shoal at the point where the Hughli and the Rupnarain Rivers meet, had to be negotiated by all ships heading up, under tow, for the city. Budge-Budge is the oil-port for Calcutta, and the only dock in the last century—apart from the Government Dock where salt, a government monopoly, was discharged—was that of Kidderpore, opened in the i88os, where coal cargoes were worked by women and girls.
So we'll roll, roll, roll, bullies, roll as we go, For the Kidderpore ladies have got us in tow!
So sang the seamen of J. H. Williams' ship, but they didn't mean
the coal girls! The seamen who commanded the Bengal Pilot vessels—in the
early days all brigs—were both gentlemen and excellent seamen, coming aboard the deep-watermen off the Sandheads complete with apprentice, cook, Kulashi servants, and native leadsman. Once the tugs had the ship in tow it was the usual practice to unbend sails going up the river and stow them away in the locker. After the dread- ed James and Mary quicksands were passed the vessel would then be towed up to one or another of the many river moorings which stretched for more than six miles along the Hughli. One was Garden Reach, close to the Palace of the King of Oudh, the pigeons from which, according to Frank Bullen, would rise in clouds when sailing ships were heaving their anchors with the men shantying at the capstan. One section of Garden Reach was given over to the 'Country Wallahs' or ships owned locally, mostly by Arabs and Indians. In the thirties of the last century opium clippers would be seen here loading their 'lethal' cargoes for Chinese ports. Other moorings were those of the Esplanade, the Hastings, Princept Ghat, and of course those of the Maidan, right opposite the city, and, in later days, the moorings below Howrah Bridge. Paddle-tugs well known in the old days to Calcutta visitors were the Rescue, the Powerful, the Rattler, the Dalhousie, and the Warren Hastings. 312
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN SAILORTOWNS
in the fo'c'sles of many New Bedford whalers Manila men were often to be found. Williams writes that, in his time—about the eighties—in Iloilo, two Malays joined his ship by way of the boarding-house masters, on the strength of two advance notes and a bottle of canea. I think this latter drink was the cam of South America. Just prior to the First World War many German ships made
Taku Bar and Chinwangtao ports o' call, taking timber to the for- mer and porcelain stone to the latter, but shore-leave in these days was limited in such ports. Batavia in Melville's day was a tough spot, and he cites the case of a ship losing every man-jack there with Java Fever. By the seventies, at least aboard Dutch ships, life seems to have
been more pleasant, for in 1878 the custom was to allow Dutch sailors a 'wife' while the ship lay here. She was paid by the authorities to darn, sew, and wash the clothes of the seamen, and she was kept under strict supervision—or so it is recorded. The writer has often heard a yarn repeated by old sailors that in the early days of the Blue Funnel Line on the China Coast, before the First World War, Chinese sew- sews were allowed aboard the ships in a similar manner, for to darn, sew, and 'dobhi' a seaman's clothes. In some cases they were kept aboard the ship as she visited the various coast ports of Amoy, Swatow, Ningpo, and so on, going ashore again in Hong Kong when the ship left for the homeward run. In Tanjong Priok and Cheribon Java Fever was common, and
often prevented crews from going ashore. When they did, however, they found the Dutch 'Squareface' gin cheap, and the Javanese prostitutes or 'mick-macks' accommodating. Some seamen thought these tawny-skinned girls the salt of the earth. During the First World War there was a character, well known in the above men- tioned steamship company, nicknamed 'Java Jones'. As soon as the ship made the Java coast, he would go ashore dressed solely in a sarong, with an alarm clock in his hand, speaking Malay only from the time he left the ship onwards, seeking out his little 'mick-mack' in her mosquito-infested shack, and sleeping with her until the ship sailed again. Rangoon was a great sailing-ship port, rice being the main cargo
shipped here. During its hey-day, around the seventies and eighties of the last century, fifty to a hundred windbags would be seen swing- ing at their anchors to the strong tidal waters abreast the city. There were no wharves, nor mooring buoys at this time, and ashore small- pox often raged. Ships such as Counties, Falls, Halls, Stars, Sierras, Crowns, and Abbeys loaded here, but apart from an occasional bum- boat bringing out booze and the odd sew-sew girl it was not a port for great sailor activity ashore. In fact, it was more of a soldier than a sailor city. One ship would be selected from the others as bethel-ship, to which those who felt like it could go on a Sunday to take part 3 "
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA
Other Japanese ports Nagasaki could boast a Toshiwara. I t was called Maruyama. Kaempfer, writing in 1700, mentions these brothels: 'That part of the town, where they stand, is called Keseitmatz (Kei- seimachi), that is, the Bawdy Houses Quarters. It lies to the South, on a rising hill, call'd Mariam (Maruyama).' Bumboat men were an institution in every Japanese port. They
would come alongside with their wares, and, if given permission by the ship's master, would display their curios, silks, tea-sets, and so on, on rice-mats on the ship's deck. Before leaving Japan I would like to insert a few paragraphs of
a letter I had recently from my German sailorman friend, Charlie Muller, concerning another kind of prostitute who visited ships lying in Yokohama harbour, and about another shore set-up of the nine- ties:
In Yokohama there were also famous brothels, I forget the name of the
street. [I think it would be Yamate-Gho.—S.H.] They had their own sampans and rickshamen. Six o'clock in the evening the sampanman was alongside and took you ashore, and here the rickshaman was waiting to take you to the house; you did not have to open your mouth. Then you got a bath and then you picked a girl and had supper and perhaps a show, and then you would turn in. Five in the morning you were roused, because \v'ork aboard started at 6 o'clock, and the Madame of the House took care that a man was on board when work started. And there were also the so-called 'Susi-susi Girls'. A Madame used to
come on board with eight or more girls, and they stayed on board while the ship was discharging and loading. I suppose you've heard all about this custom?
The hot bath mentioned by Charlie, of course, was a regular in-
stitution in Japan, and in all the brothels a common custom, the girl of one's choice scrubbing one's back. Most Japanese ports have a Main Street or Honcho-döri (Yoko-
hama, Kobe, etc.) and it is said that the phrase 'everything is hunkey dory' comes from the days when the windbag man, full of hootch, charged up the Honcho-döri, athwart a nag with a Japanese Phryne up astern of him, having the time of his life, and feeling that Main Street, Japan, was the finest drag in the whole wide world. Naturally, ships called at many other ports in the Far East but
as very few of them had a Sailortown, they are not worth treating individually. Ships would sometimes go up north to Vladivostock with coal or in later days to load tinned fish. Here Japanese prosti- tutes had dives close to the waterfront, and their prices were low. A couple of roubles went a long way in those days with beer, vodka, tobacco, and other sailor needs all being inexpensive. Desertions, too, were common enough here. Manila was another port of call, particularly for Yankee ships, and 310
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN SAILORTOWNS
holding seven pounds of earth. In Nagasaki, too, native women worked cargoes, in particular coal, which they carried aboard the ships in baskets, with, very often, babies slung athwart their backs be- neath the baskets. In later years, in the port of Miike, women, with their babies attached, were employed in the conveying of coal aboard steamers.
Nagasaki was one of the last ports where the samurai went around
slashing at sailors ashore with their katanas. From being the first port in Japan, more or less, to allow Europeans ashore, to well after the opening of the Treaty Ports, Nagasaki was the last place to become agreeable to the inroads of the White Man. This statement refers in particular to the Japanese male. The women of Nagasaki from time immemorial had shown great interest in the White Man, hence the 'Nagasaki Marriages' between local girls and sailors from both men- o'-war and merchant ships. This was the sort of thing in which Pierre Loti once indulged, giving him food for his book Madame Chrysanthemum, from which probably stemmed the idea of the opera Madame Butterfly. Besides the 'Nagasaki Marriages' there was another form of amuse-
ment which the sailors loved, something not found in other Japanese ports, and that was the famous Nagasaki geisha dance, the John Kina or Chionkina. The dance is supposed to have been derived from the Dutch, and its name to mean 'Just come here'. All over Nagasaki there were, and probably still are, John Kina Houses. The sailors ashore would visit these bamboo-and-paper-joints, squat down, each with a bottle of sake, and await the dance. It was a sort of Oriental strip-tease. The girls would dance to the music of the samisen and taiko or drum, and, as in our musical chairs, when the music stopped the girl who could not hold her posture had to pay a 'forfeit', or rather shed one article of clothing. These girls wore several kimonos, not to mention innumerable belts and sashes, tabi or bifurcated socks and slippers, all of which counted, and obviously, since the same girl rarely wavered twice when the music stopped, it took quite a while for the sailor to feast his eyes on any one girl's nakedness. Still the girls themselves, if the customers began to get a bit impatient, would hurry things up a little by wavering on purpose. This was the dance taken by Gilbert and Sullivan for their Mikado :
John Kina, John Kina, John, John, Kina, Kina, Yokohama, Nagasaki, Kobe, Moji, hoi!
In actual fact the girls who performed this dance were not true
Geisha, but rather untalented Geisha who, somewhat like the back row of the chorus in the West in Victorian days, augmented their salaries by prostitution. They were known in Japanese as shirokubi or 'white-necks', and had a police permit or nimai-gansatsu—a 'two- way pass'—allowing them to be both entertainers and harlots. As in 309
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA
or gamble all night. Another waterfront dive was the China Dog, kept by a half-caste Malay, and close to it was a notorious den known as the Back of Beyond. Crimps, of course, soon found their way to the Japanese coast. In Yokohama were several Yankees and Britishers, the names of two having survived the years—Tommy Gore and the 'Bully'. They re- sided in Kanagawa, the port of Yokohama which was its first deep- water waterfront. There were crimps in Kobe, too, although ac- cording to Crowe, sailors from Japanese clinks were usually shipped aboard windbags having depleted crews. On the China coast, even up to the present day, it is quite common
for sailors and mates when down the hatches, and so on, to boot slack Chinese coolies around with impunity, and in the days of the tea clippers the ships' boys would be sent down the holds with thin canes in their hands with which to whip the Celestials working cargo to further industry. But when this was attempted on the proud Japanese things took a different turn. Lubbock records an incident which occurred aboard the tea clip-
per Norman Court while rice was being loaded in Hyögö. The mate lost his temper because the Japanese coolies were disobeying the Chinese stevedore, and with a savage kick booted the nearest coolie. In a flash all the coolies were on him, savaging him with their cargo- hooks. The carpenter, who was with him, managed to drag him up on deck and thus saved his life, but only just in time. The Japanese were always willing, unlike most Oriental coolies, to engage in a scuffle. In his China Clippers Lubbock relates the story of the 'Cutting Out
of the Ballast Lighters' at Yokohama in 1867. Apparently a dozen clippers were awaiting ballast here, all anxious to get to Foochow to load the new tea crop. This shingle ballast was brought across the Gulf of Edo in lighters. The American shore-agents handling the dis- tribution of the ballast passed the word around that the seamen who could waylay and board the lighters as they came across the Gulf could tow them alongside their own ships. At once many gigs from different vessels set off with strong crews, all armed with cutlasses, with spare prize-masters to take over captured ballast-lighters. As the ballast fleet was sighted, each gig darted for a lighter. Some were successfully boarded, others, thanks to the Japanese putting up a good fight, escaped, the Japs taking with them the prize-masters who were usually first aboard the lighter. The latter were then dumped ashore by the victorious Japs. Some prize-masters fell short as they leapt from the gigs to the lighters, getting a good ducking instead of a prize. In fact, both the seamen and Japanese enjoyed the semi- serious scuffle! In the nineties earth ballast was loaded aboard foreign sailing
ships by the native women, who carried it aboard in baskets each 308
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN SAILORTOWNS
self-contained brothel-citadels. The interiors of the houses were divided by sliding screens, each room being one of so many 'mats', and a rough unpainted wooden staircase led the way to the upper rooms. Many had a sort of open-air patio in their centres, an area of little gardens, rock lanterns, little bridges, and model Fuji-yamas. The jorö or prostitutes were of many kinds and prices, from the low-class mawashi-joro, who handled a dozen men at a time in as many rooms, up to the Oiran Satna, who was Queen of the Prostitutes. The whole set-up was one full of ritual. Little pyramids of salt to ward off evil spirits were placed at the doors of each room, and of course all seamen had to discard their footwear when entering these halls of vice. The dress of the girls consisted of several beautiful kimonos all held together by a large brocaded sash called an obi, but, instead of being tied at the back, as is customary in the case of ordinary women and Geisha, it was knotted in a special manner in the front. The girls, while awaiting custom, sat on small cushions, looking
out through wooden bars facing the street, and beckoning in the curious Japanese manner—which seems to signify, to Westerners, 'scram'—to paraders outside. Great figures of lucky cats beckoning in the same manner, along with statues of Inari, the Fox-goddess, adorned the entrance halls or genkas, where would sit the Gyütarö, or pimp, in a little box, inviting men to partake of these beauties. The faces of the girls would be covered with heavy white powder and the bottom lip only painted, but their hair-styles were the most elegant part of their get-up. These were a mass of whorls and convolutcs, with kansashi, flower-pins, and combs bristling from each top-knot. The girls had a mama-san or duenna over them although she was usu- ally called the Hikite-baba, that is 'the Old Woman who leads by the hand'. The famous Yokohama kashi-zashiki referred to as Number Nine, sometime in the nineties, was moved to Yamate or the Bluff. It took over the old Hotel Japan, and lasted until the 1923 Earth- quake when it was destroyed. Hyögö, alongside Kobe, had one of the licensed quarters popular
with the early seamen. It was called the Fukuwara and occupied quite a large area of the port. It had been built on the site of a castle of the once-famous Taira clan. In 1868 the foreign legations left Osaka, where the Concession was,
so as to dodge the battles of the Civil War, and took up residence in Kobe. Although Osaka remained a great sailing-ship port right up to the end of sail, very few seamen ever got ashore there. But in Kobe and Hyögö, in the seventies and eighties, the seamen often hit terra firma, many tars paying off with the stays'l-downhaul in the latter port. In time Kobe became the port most popular with British seamen on the Japanese coast. One of its tea-houses, frequented by seamen around the turn of the century, was called the Happy Gardens, and here Jack could drink tea, whiskey, or sake', that is Japanese rice-wine, 307
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Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA
'The "Professors" at first obtained were often ex-bar-tenders, soldiers, sailors, etc... . As for 'Japanese wives' they were in many houses, and this the native authorities never suspected was wrong, or different from the foreign custom! Near to the waterfront or Hatobas in Yokohama, many dives sprang
up, mostly drinking dens with native girls attached, and many of these were kept by sailor deserters. They all had 'English' names, such as The Sailors Rast, the Gisha Barr, and the Rondon Hotell— such spelling being a combination of Jap-English and illiterate sailor efforts. Because of their extreme drinking habits and noisy, drunken swearing, foreign sailors were called by the Japanese girls, Tengu, Tanuki or Shütendöji, these all being the names of mythological demons, some with red hair and big noses, some women-chasers, and all non-abstemious in their habits. By the seventies many white prostitutes, mainly French had set themselves up in business in the port. The majority were attached to drinking dives and the odd dance-hall, but some had their own 'houses'. Of the dives and prostitutes of Yokohama in the 1870s W. E. Griffiths wrote: 'Rum mills and lewd houses, though numerous enough are not more common that in other ports. The white woman in scarlet drives her carriage on the Bluff, and in the town, but her sisters are not abnormally numerous.' As well as patronizing the waterfront pubs the clipper-ship men,
as shown in my drawing based on an old Japanese triptych print, frequented the paper-and-bamboo type of native brothels. Every city, town, and large village in Japan had an area of such brothels, an area known as ayükaku or kuruwa, although Westerners, including seamen, right up to the present days have persisted in calling them 'Yoshiwaras'. In actual fact Yoshiwara was the largest of these licensed quarters and was sited in old Yeddo, as Tokyo was once called, in the early seventeenth century. W. E. Griffiths says that 'Before they opened any port to foreign trade, the Japanese built two places for the foreigner—a custom-house and a brothel. The Yoshiwara is such a place: For the foreigners they supposed it to be a necessary good; for themselves, a protection to their people against ships' crews suddenly set free on land.'^ The Yokohama kuruwa was situated away from the waterfront,
near the Bluff and one of its most famous houses was Number Nine, or at least that's what seamen called it. I have a Japanese print, made in the sixties of the last century,
showing this house with the rest of the kumwa standing among the green rice-fields, and out in the bay a fleet of foreign windjammers riding to their anchors. Perhaps the number '9' has a lucky aspect among the frail women of the world ? I wouldn't know, but I do know ' The MiLtdo's Empiie {New YoiU, iSyG'i.
" ibid. 304
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN SAILORTOWNS
to get accustomed to the Ketojin, or 'Hairy Chinamen' as they called Europeans, and their queer, to them, ways. Until the latter part of the sixties, and even later in more backward parts of the Island Em- pire, the two-sworded samurai still carried out his old-time preroga- tive of trying out the efficacy of a new sword on a helpless peasant. This license was known as Kirisute Gomen, 'permission to cut down and throw away'. Such a conservative character, on meeting a lialf- cut and often obstreperous sailor in the streets of Yokohama, would slice him down without thinking twice. Many such incidents occurred before the Japanese entirely relinquished their feudal ideas. W. E. Griffiths' writes that 'A sailor found dead drunk in the streets
was the signal for sending up the price of revolvers one hundred per cent.' Every foreign suicide was heralded as 'an assassination'. This was prior to 1866, when things were a bit 'touchy' in the Treaty Ports.
Apart from an occasional 'slicing-down', however, the Jack Tar
ashore in Yokohama, Kobe, Osaka, or Nagasaki, had a marvellous time of it. The tea clippers, while awaiting the loading of tea in Foochow,
Canton, and Shanghai, often used to put in time by carrying freight of all kinds up and down the Far Eastern coastlines, from Singapore, Penang, Saigon, Bangkok and Rangoon to Japan and Korea, both these latter in those days being virtually terra incognita. In 1858 the British opium clipper Eamont was employed in the negotiations for the first commercial treaty with Japan. She ran into Nagasaki Harbour and dropped her anchor. Next morning one hundred and fifty boatloads of Japanese tried to tow her out to sea— against her anchor!—but no armed attack was attempted, and eventually she accomplished her mission. By the end of the sixties, however, things were better for foreigners in this mysterious country, and many sailors began to desert here—the wonderful women of Japan have always been a lure to Deep-water Johnny! In 1884 J. H. Williams deserted in Kobe—not for a woman's sake, however, al- though he did stay with Madame Otome, in the Kita Nagasa Dori. In the sixties the Japanese wished to learn all about the West as
quickly as they could, sometimes with surprising results. Sailors would pay off with the jib downhaul and get jobs ashore as school- teachers (!!) teaching the youth of the Rising Sun the English of a windbag's fo'c'sle. Such a 'teacher' was called in the Yokohama dia- lect Dammuraisu shito or 'Damn-yer-eyes Man', and, as he sat cross- legged in front of his pupils, he would curse and swear in fo'c'sle lingo, chew, spit, and smoke a filthy pipe, and in general must have been the most unteacherly sort of teacher that the world has ever seen. Such a character would probably have a native wife, and some of them kept regular harems. A resident in Japan in the 1870s writes: ' The Mikado's Etnpite (New York, 1876).
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Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA When a tea clipper sailed homeward bound from Shanghai she
would get a rousing salute of guns from all the other vessels lying in the stream. The seamen from these ships found their fun ashore in the dives
behind the Bund, and in the European and native drinking dens and brothels. Some bolder ones sorted out the sing-song houses in Foo- chow Road, a street long famous for its sing-song girls and their ac- complishments, both musical and sexual. In the seventies Scotts Road was a notorious brothel area, with over three hundred low-class whore-houses catering to both sailors and Chinese. There were many white girls in these dives, mainly victims of the white slave traffic, most of them having already been broken in in the stews of other Orien- tal ports. The most sumptuous brothel in Shanghai, in the seventies, was that visited by the Australian sociologist, W. N. Willis, called the Harem, which had twenty select white girls, but I doubt if the im- pecunious sailors ever got anywhere near this place. In later years the dives behind the Bund became known to the sea-
faring community as Blood Alley, and it was here that Red Eisen- berg, who later became a crimp in Eureka, California, had his sailor drinking den. After the First World War the Russian (^migrés poured into Shanghai, and it was then one could see White Russian women sitting on the doorstep of a brothel in the Broadway area, with next door, a Chinese itaitai doing the same thing. They would inform the sailor that they were 'Russian princesses', and in time all White Rus- sian whores became known as 'Princesses'. Of course, many of them had been on the game in Russia long before the Revolution. Their men-folk, too, had to demean themselves, and it was a common sight around 1919 to see a White Russian pulling a rickshaw for hire. The Seafarer'^ records the fact that a German sailing ship called the Land- kirchen had to pay off in Shanghai several of the crew suffering from beriberi. They were replaced by five White Russian naval officers from the beach, who signed as A.B.s and were extremely glad to do so.
On the whole, however, Shanghai, being such a cosmopolitan
city, never developed a compact Sailortown. Most of the drinking dens, 'rags', and places of entertainment frequented by seamen had other clientele in the form of German, Russian, French, American, and British shore-dwellers as well as the Chinese themselves. After Commodore Perry opened up Japan in 1854—his second visit—the sailor who touched here in the sixties and seventies was in for a marvellous, if at times somewhat dangerous, slice of 'shore- going'. The Treaty Ports, naturally, had their boundaries and whites were not supposed to leave these areas, but sailors being sailors sometimes did, and this was when the danger arose. After so many years of isolation it took the Japanese quite a while • Vol. I, no. I, June 1963. 302
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Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Organisatie: Shanty Nederland
 
 
 
 
 
Erfgoedstuk
Bladmuziek
Sailortown,
Titel:
Sailortown
Naam uitgever:
Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. - E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc.
Jaar van uitgave:
1997
Omschrijving:
Liedtekst en Liedtekst verklaring
Aantal pagina's:
360
Taal:
Engels
Plaats van uitgave:
London & Newe York
Auteur:
Stan Hugill
THE PACIFIC, AUSTRALIA, ASIA, AND AFRICA
Spainer magazine," the crew of the London steamer Aldgate attempted to leave their ship here at this time. The captain told them to think it over or they would find themselves 'to leeward' if they held out. The Harbour Master, who was the Port Magistrate as well, said he would give them ninety days 'up at the Mount' if they refused to sail, and after some shenanigans they gave in and sailed. But many crews did not sail, and frequently Chinese seamen were shipped in their place for a Japan passage. Bias Bay, the stronghold of pirates, lies north-east of Hong Kong,
and, from the days of the clippers right up to the Second World War, Chinese pirates have worried merchant shipping using these waters. In the days of the tea clippers they even came right into Hong Kong Harbour to attack them, with the British Navy hard by. After ships were plundered by these Oriental buccaneers the loot would very often turn up in Hong Kong, and the famous street markets, where such stolen and pirated stuff was sold, were located in the notorious thoroughfare known as Upper Lascar Street, or, to one and all East o' Suez, 'Thief Street'. Here, on the stalls, would be found quadrants and sextants, compasses and ship's bells, shipwright's tools, fids and marline-spikes, in fact everything to be found aboard a ship, movable and immovable, mixed up with old clothes and Chinese curios. Shanghai became known to the Western sailor in the days of the
opium clippers, and by the seventies was a regular port of call for the tea clippers. An old sailor forebitter of the forties and fifties runs:
It's now we've arrived in the port of Shanghai, We'll go ashore shipmates, strange faces to see.
This song gives the oldtime sailor pronunciation of Shanghai— Shang-hee. In early days ships all moored in the river in three or four lines mainly opposite the Bund, and as the tea trade prospered these tiers stretched three miles or more. As at Hong Kong and other China Coast ports, the seamen went back and forth to their ships in sampans. These sampans, at this time, had a bad name, a name which clung to them right up to the First World War. It was said that many sailors, if a bit tipsy and sometimes when quite sober, never made their ships thanks to the vermin who sculled—or 'yuloed'-— these boats. The usual practice was to demand either heavy 'cum- shaw' or else raise the stipulated fee for ferrying, and if the seaman didn't agree, then the sampan man would club him, rob him, and dump the corpse overboard. Later all sampans were forced to be numbered and registered in order to prevent such assaults. Hankow Wharf in the seventies was well known to seamen, but
it was not until this century that ships began to lie at the Pootung Wharf, and these were mainly Blue Funnel steamers. In the sixties ' Vol. I, no. 5, August 1963. 300
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