Een archieftoegang geeft uitgebreide informatie over een bepaald archief.
Een archieftoegang bestaat over het algemeen uit de navolgende onderdelen:
De kenmerken van het archief zijn o.m. de omvang, vindplaats, beschikbaarheid, openbaarheid en andere.
De inleiding op het archief bevat interessante informatie over de geschiedenis van het archief, achtergronden van de archiefvormer en kan ook aanwijzingen voor het gebruik bevatten.
De inventaris of plaatsingslijst is een hiërarchisch opgebouwd overzicht van beschreven archiefstukken. De beschrijvingen zijn formeel en globaal. Het lezen en begrijpen van een inventaris behoeft enige oefening en ervaring.
Bij het zoeken in de inventaris wordt de hiërarchie gevolgd. De rubrieken in de inventaris maken deel uit van de beschrijving op een lager niveau. Komt de zoekterm in een hoger niveau voor, dan voldoen onderliggende niveaus ook aan de zoekvraag.
The archive is almost completely open to the public.
Only inventory number 7 requires written approval by the director of the NIOD. For visitors who want that approval, a form can be found at the desk of the study hall at the NIOD.
language of the material
Most of the documents are in Dutch.
David Cohen (Deventer 31 December 1882 - Amsterdam 3 September 1967) was chairman of the Jewish Council from February 1941 until September 1943. Before the war he was a professor of ancient history at the Municipal University Amsterdam and professor by special appointment at Leiden University. Besides his scientific career he was closely involved with helping Jewish refugees. He was secretary of the in 1933 established Committee for Special Jewish Interests.
In November 1940 Cohen was removed from his position of professor due to his Jewish ancestry and fired in February 1941. After the liberation he was reinstated at the University of Amsterdam until his retirement in 1953.
In September 1943 Cohen and the remaining members of the Jewish Council, including co-chairman Asscher, were arrested and transferred to Westerbork. Cohen experienced the liberation in the ghetto Theresienstadt. After the war he was prohibited by the Jewish Honour Council to take up any position within the Jewish community. In 1955 he wrote the book "Zwervend en Dolend: de joodse vluchtelingen in Nederland in de jaren 1933-1940" ("Wandering and Roaming: Jewish refugees in the Netherlands in the years 1933-1940")
Summaries of documents
Archive documents from this archive can be requests in the study hall of the NIOD
quoting: collection 181j, inv.nr…
The inventory number is listed in increasing numerical order,
on the left of the description of the documents
1 Report, compiled by the Committee for Special Jewish Affairs, and some minutes from the Central Committee for Refugee Issues and the Committee for Supervision and Welfare for concentration camp Westerbork, concerning Jewish and other refugees in the Netherlands before the war; furthermore, a report from the League of Nations concerning international aid for refugees, november 1935 - augustus 1945
2 Documents concerning the Jewish refugees in the Netherlands before the war, including an " Adres van professoren aan de Eerste Kamer" ("Adres to the Senate") (photo copy; published by the Studentengroep van het Comité van Waakzaamheid van Nederlandsche Intellectueelen), a few ministerial directives on the accommodation of refugees and the layout of the refugee camps, two complaints presented to the Dutch government about antisemitistic propaganda in The Hague and Amsterdam and a list of refugee homes that were under the supervision of the departments for the Interior and Justice, 8 december 1933 - 26 april 1940
4 Correspondence and document of the Jewish Council, e.g. on the abolishment and concentration of Jewish associations under the Jewish Council, a personal letter to chairman A. Asscher, minutes of a board meeting (4 November 1942) of the Jewish Association for Nursing and Care, as well as three post war pieces about the Jewish Council of which two letters on the establishment of Jewish labour camps during the war and the organisation of the needed medical checks, 13 februari 1941 - 3 januari 1948
5 Regulations from the occupiers (German text) about the Dutch Jews and instructions relating to the Jewish Council, e.g. concerning professional practice, travel and moving options for Jews, descendant questions and questions concerning the so called mixed bloods, as well as a list of names by the German "zurückgestellte" Jewish lawyers over fifty years of age, 1 juni 1942 - 16 oktober 1943
6 Documents on Jewish refugees during the war, especially immigration possibilities to Palestine, as well as recommendations (English text) from the "Board of Deputies of British Jews" to a Canadian-Jewish Congress to be held in 1943, and a month report (about April 1943) from the immigration department of the Jewish Council, 17 maart - 20 mei 1943
9 Correspondence and personal documents from Cohen, including a letter from the minister of education, art and science (3 August 1946) to the General Student Association Amsterdam (Algemene Studentenvereniging Amsterdam) in which he tells Cohen he will not take purification action, and a testimony from Cohen about sterilisation of Jewish men during the occupation, 1 oktober 1922 (?) - 21 augustus 1954
10 Papers from Cohen about the Jewish Council, the options to go into hiding for Jews during the occupation, the interventions of the Jewish Council with camp Vught and a (never published) "History of Jews in The Netherlands during the occupation" ("Geschiedenis der Joden in Nederland tijdens de bezetting"), 18 augustus - 5 september 1945
15 Document on various subjects like questions of De Visser M.P. about transportation in July 1939, with, to him, unknown destination of Jewish refugees on a ship called "Dora", which, according to him, did not have enough capacity for this purpose; includes a (concept) answer in response to this by the minister of Justice to his colleague of the Interior. Furthermore, a notarised statement from R. de Jong-Leuvenberg about the impression people had during the occupation in the Netherlands about life in the German concentration camps for Jews and a letter by mr. A. Herzberg concerning a statement by Cohen during the Lages trial (concerning the visit of Göring to the diamond cutter store of A. Asscher in Amsterdam, September 1940) and about an alleged purchase of a diamond by the Germans from the firm Asscher in 1944, 12 december 1938 - 23 maart 1949